“What wood is the most appropriate for furniture use?” As you probably know, if you are in the process of furnishing your house, this is not as easy of a question as it sounds at first glance. The solution depends on your budget and expected usage. Along with the wood type and quality used in a furniture piece, the method used to make the piece is another element that greatly impacts the quality level of the wood furniture you’re considering.
Use this overview of the types of wood used in furniture, how distinct furniture woods affect quality and price, and the furniture-making procedure to help you purchase your next piece of furniture.
Types Of Wood For Furniture
Wood is the basic raw component used to build furniture. Wood furniture starts with the raw materials used. Let us look at the kinds of wood used to make furniture.
There are two primary kinds of wood materials: solid wood, which comprises both softwoods and hardwoods and manufactured wood, an engineered material that’s often a composite of wood and synthetic materials. Below are the fundamentals of engineered wood and solid wood:
Sold wood comes purely from timber and is, thus, a tree’s direct product. There are two kinds of real wood used in furniture-making: hardwood and softwood. Below are their descriptions:
Hardwoods Are Utilized In Furniture
Hardwood is more solid than softwood. Hardwood timber is derived from deciduous trees, which usually grow more gradually. As you might have already noticed, the wood types seen most in high-quality wooden furniture are from the hardwood family. The hardwood list below comprises many of the common hardwoods used in furniture manufacturing:
- Softwoods used in furniture
Less dense than its hardwood cousin, softwood usually comes from coniferous (or evergreen) trees, which grow more quickly. The softwood list below comprises many of the common softwoods used in furniture manufacturing:
Engineered Wood Furniture
Although they are not solid woods, manufactured or engineered woods include various wood kinds and can also be used in wood furniture making.
Manufactured Wood Types
- Plywood: Considered the first engineered wood, it is made by taking 3-5 pieces of thin wood and mixing them with glue.
- Particleboard: Frequently known as fiberboard, particleboard is produced using a wood-chipper to break down timber into tiny fibers and gluing them together with glue.
Best Woods For Furniture
Below are a few of the best woods used in furniture-making. You will notice that all of these woods belong to the hardwood family:
Maple Wood Furniture
Maple may be the perfect furniture wood. While there are many unique kinds of maple, nearly all are extremely durable and make for stunning furniture. It wears exceptionally well. Maple is naturally non-toxic so that it is frequently used to make kitchen cutting boards. There are numerous grain patterns available based on the kind of maple you’re interested in.
Mahogany Wood Furniture
Among the more traditional woods in furniture manufacturing, mahogany is gorgeous wood. It’s lighter in weight than a number of the other wood types here but has oak power. We think of mahogany as reddish-brown. Nevertheless, there are lighter colors of the wood. Real mahogany is sourced from Latin American and has become harder and harder to find. It can be costly.
Oak Wood Furniture
Oak is a very durable wood that’s typically used for floors and kitchen furniture. It’s beautiful but can yellow with time. By comparison, red oak is a little darker and porous. Additionally, it looks amazing and is fairly cheap. Oak is a wonderful wood for furniture.
Cherry Wood Furniture
One of the most intriguing cherry wood attributes is that it darkens with time, giving it a very rich appearance as it continues to darken. The color is what most people today love about cherry, but there are other things to enjoy about it. Cherry is comparatively hard. It may be resistant to scratches and dents. It’s an even grain and is non-toxic.
Pine Wood Furniture
We’re used to watching knotty pine in rustic cottages and so on. We naturally assume pine is a fantastic material for furniture. It is quite the contrary. Pine is a softwood that’s easily damaged. It’s fairly inexpensive, however.
Cedar Wood Furniture
Cedar is relatively softwood, so it is not perfect for indoor furniture. But for outdoor furniture, it is quite good. Cedar is generally weatherproof. One usually sees closets made of cedar because their aromatic quality repels bugs.
Wood Furniture Making
Now that we’ve covered a variety of wood types used in furniture let’s turn to the procedures used by furniture makers to make wood furniture, including a variety of tradeoffs between fabricated, handmade, custom, and bench-made wood furniture.
During the 20th century, the pre-eminence of technologies enabled several products, including furniture, to be mass-produced. This was done via an assembly-line procedure, where different areas of the wood furniture-making process happened at various steps. By way of instance, when manufacturing a desk, the legs would be made in one location. In the end, the benefits of this procedure were that fantastic furniture, which had previously only been a luxury item, was now available to the vast majority of households.
1. Wood Furniture manufacturing procedures
- Gluing veneer over a piece to cover less desirable wood.
- Using laminates and engineered wood rather than solid wood.
- Making individual components for a piece on an assembly line.
- Difficult to personalize, meaning many pieces will look the same or similar.
2. Handmade Furniture Making
While there were certainly some advantages to the industrialization of furniture-making, its drawbacks were that there was a degree of craftsmanship and lost skill. When a furniture designer creates your furniture piece with his own hands, there’s an undeniable amount of care. The artist’s name is related to that item, and many craftsmen care deeply about their reputation and standing among peers. By contrast, someone who performs one function on an assembly line isn’t quite as accountable and has less reason to care about your satisfaction.
How to Identify Quality Handmade Furniture?
Handmade furniture can be distinguished by:
- Wood furniture from custom furniture designers: Every facet of a bench-made furniture piece is something to be made. The standard of design in every small detail of a bench-made furniture piece is considered, resulting in a stunning solid-wood furniture piece.
- Produced from the very best dense hardwoods: Bench-made furniture is made of the best sourced solid woods. The used finishes are also of premium quality.
- Solid-wood furniture manufacturers: exactly enjoy the most highly desired handmade parts of older, bench-made furniture displays a sense of craftsmanship that’s timeless.
- Custom-built wood furniture: since specialist artisan craftsmen produce them, bench-made furniture pieces are highly customizable, allowing someone to get handmade furniture that’s designed to the size and design of their choosing.
Frequently Asked Questions
Here are some common frequently asked questions for wood furniture:
1. Why Is Solid Wood Furniture So Pricey?
Several variables help determine the purchase price of that good wood furniture you have had your eye on. Supply and demand, for instance. Because the finest solid wood furniture is made of hardwood, it develops more slowly, which reduces supply and raises the price tag. Additionally, solid wood furniture may be more challenging to manufacture in bulk quantities because every portion of a solid wood piece has to be cut to a specification, whereas it could be simpler to create these modular bits with manufactured wood.
2. What Is Manufactured Wood?
Manufactured Wood consists of two layers. The top layer consists of a thin, real-wood veneer, which then covered a composite wood layer, which is generally particle firewood.
3. What’s The Finest Kind of Wood Material For Furniture?
Hardwoods are the best kind of wood material for furniture. A product that’s becoming harder and harder to find, hardwood furniture includes a mixture of durability and beauty that any softwood or engineered wood can’t match. While softwoods can be beautiful, they are not quite as durable as hardwoods. On the other hand, while there are several beautiful, durable engineered wood on the market, hardwood’s natural appearance and beauty can’t now be emulated by technological procedures.
4.What’s The Strongest Wood?
According to the Janka Hardness test, which measures the hardest wood on Earth, the hardest wood is Holywood lignum vitae (Guaiacum sanctum), which has a dimension of 4,500 lbs. On the Janka scale. This Holywood can be found in the tropical areas of the Americas, from Mexico through Central America, Florida, the Caribbean, and northern South America.
5.What Wood Is Best For Furniture?
While Hardwoods, generally speaking, are better for furniture, choosing the ideal wood to make furniture frequently involves balancing wood density and wood beauty factors. One specific kind of hardwood which does a superb job of this is Red-Leaf Maple. This maple is a fascinating subset of maple which is used in furniture. Red-leaf maple usually has a more exquisite grain pattern and a more vibrant color than regular walnut.
6.What is Rubberwood?
Rubberwood is a wood usually used in furniture. Also called Asian hardwood or Hevea brasiliensis, rubberwood commonly utilized in furniture comes from the same tree where latex is generated. Since rubberwood takes just nine years to grow, it can be increased faster than most forests deemed real hardwoods. This makes rubberwood a desirable choice as a more economical”hardwood” alternative.
7.What Is Parawood?
Parawood is also referred to as rubberwood (see above).
8.What’s The Best Wood For Desks?
Cherry: Cherry is a gorgeous wood that adds character to any room. Additionally, it is a very durable hardwood. Because of this, it’s quite popular for desks.
Oak: Solid oak is a durable hardwood that’s extremely multifaceted, as it could be completed with lots of different looks.
Maple: Maple wood is a favorite selection for desks because it’s durable and can frequently be found at attractive rates.
9.What’s The Best Wood For Tables?
Walnut: One of the hardest woods on the market, walnut is often chosen for its beautiful grain character.
Maple: Extremely durable, maple is a favorite because it goes well with various kinds of stains.
10.What’s The Priciest Wood For Furniture?
The most costly woods used for furniture include:
- Bubinga Wood
- Bocote Wood
- Lignum Vitae
- Dalbergia Wood
- Pink Ivory Wood
- Ebony Wood
- African Blackwood
- Purple heartwood
11.What’s The Least Expensive Wood For Furniture?
Pine is the least expensive wood used in furniture. As it grows so fast, there’s a greater supply of pine trees. Pine is less expensive than several other kinds of wood because it’s soft, making it vulnerable to damages. However, due to its quality and because it blends well with other woods, pine is widely utilized in furniture-making.
12.What Color Is Maple Wood?
The sapwood, which is most widely utilized in walnut, ranges from almost white to gold-red, with a medium hue’s creamy color. Maple heartwood is generally a dark, reddish-brown color.
13. What Is Veneer Wood?
A veneer is a thin layer (about an eighth of an inch in thickness or less) that’s glued into a more affordable material hidden below. The substance beneath may be particle board or a lesser quality timber, enabling the furniture manufacturer to make outwardly appealing furniture at a really low price. A veneer is real wood, but the quality differs greatly from the manufacturer.
14.What Is Laminate Furniture?
For Furniture manufacturers, laminate has become the most cost-effective way to make good-looking furniture pieces. But, laminate is a step down from the veneer. It is a synthetic substance, or a very thin slice of real wood, that typically hides a low-quality substance beneath it. Laminate is common in nontraditional furniture lines. Laminate can be great for children’s spaces or furniture with very significant volume. If furniture with a laminated surface gets damaged, it is not costly to replace.
15. Is Oak Hardwood?
Yes. Found in red and white variants, oak is one of the most frequent hardwoods used in flooring and furniture.
Why is solid Wood Furniture Better Than Veneer or Laminate?
With solid wood, everything you see is what you get. It is wood — nothing more or nothing less. Because of this, it is possible to sand or stain it. Nothing will fall apart or peel. Unlike veneer or laminate, when solid wood furniture shows wear, it adds character. Consider furniture with a weathered appearance. It is not uncommon to take care of brand new furniture with this weathered look to put in a desirable shabby chic look.
Solid wood is considerably more durable. Its long lifespan may create an heirloom of it. Unlike laminated or veneer furniture, solid wood dining room, living room, or bedroom furniture may last to become a classic if cared fairly well. Solid wood is an investment that can pay for itself several times over due to its longevity.
What’s Bench-made Furniture?
Bench-made wood furniture refers to a furniture making procedure that combines quality craftsmanship with the best wood types available. Engineered wood is derived from wood and contains various adhesives and other synthetic materials to form a composite material.